AlekSIS
AlekSIS

Source code for aleksis.core.mixins

# flake8: noqa: DJ12

from datetime import datetime
from typing import Any, Callable, Optional, Union

from django.conf import settings
from django.contrib import messages
from django.contrib.auth.views import LoginView, SuccessURLAllowedHostsMixin
from django.contrib.contenttypes.models import ContentType
from django.contrib.sites.managers import CurrentSiteManager
from django.contrib.sites.models import Site
from django.db import models
from django.db.models import JSONField, QuerySet
from django.forms.forms import BaseForm
from django.forms.models import ModelForm, ModelFormMetaclass
from django.http import HttpResponse
from django.utils.functional import lazy
from django.utils.translation import gettext as _
from django.views.generic import CreateView, UpdateView
from django.views.generic.edit import DeleteView, ModelFormMixin

import reversion
from guardian.admin import GuardedModelAdmin
from guardian.core import ObjectPermissionChecker
from jsonstore.fields import IntegerField, JSONFieldMixin
from material.base import Layout, LayoutNode
from rules.contrib.admin import ObjectPermissionsModelAdmin

from aleksis.core.managers import CurrentSiteManagerWithoutMigrations, SchoolTermRelatedQuerySet


class _ExtensibleModelBase(models.base.ModelBase):
    """Ensure predefined behaviour on model creation.

    This metaclass serves the following purposes:

     - Register all AlekSIS models with django-reverseion
    """

    def __new__(mcls, name, bases, attrs):
        mcls = super().__new__(mcls, name, bases, attrs)

        if "Meta" not in attrs or not attrs["Meta"].abstract:
            # Register all non-abstract models with django-reversion
            mcls = reversion.register(mcls)

            mcls.extra_permissions = []

        return mcls


def _generate_one_to_one_proxy_property(field, subfield):
    def getter(self):
        if hasattr(self, field.name):
            related = getattr(self, field.name)
            return getattr(related, subfield.name)
        # Related instane does not exist
        return None

    def setter(self, val):
        if hasattr(self, field.name):
            related = getattr(self, field.name)
        else:
            # Auto-create related instance (but do not save)
            related = field.related_model()
            setattr(related, field.remote_field.name, self)
            # Ensure the related model is saved later
            self._save_reverse = getattr(self, "_save_reverse", []) + [related]
        setattr(related, subfield.name, val)

    return property(getter, setter)


[docs]class ExtensibleModel(models.Model, metaclass=_ExtensibleModelBase): """Base model for all objects in AlekSIS apps. This base model ensures all objects in AlekSIS apps fulfill the following properties: * `versions` property to retrieve all versions of the model from reversion * Allow injection of fields and code from AlekSIS apps to extend model functionality. Injection of fields and code ============================ After all apps have been loaded, the code in the `model_extensions` module in every app is executed. All code that shall be injected into a model goes there. :Example: .. code-block:: python from datetime import date, timedelta from jsonstore import CharField from aleksis.core.models import Person @Person.property def is_cool(self) -> bool: return True @Person.property def age(self) -> timedelta: return self.date_of_birth - date.today() Person.field(shirt_size=CharField()) For a more advanced example, using features from the ORM, see AlekSIS-App-Chronos and AlekSIS-App-Alsijil. :Date: 2019-11-07 :Authors: - Dominik George <dominik.george@teckids.org> """ # Defines a material design icon associated with this type of model icon_ = "radio_button_unchecked" site = models.ForeignKey( Site, on_delete=models.CASCADE, default=settings.SITE_ID, editable=False ) objects = CurrentSiteManager() objects_all_sites = models.Manager() extra_permissions = []
[docs] def get_absolute_url(self) -> str: """Get the URL o a view representing this model instance.""" pass
@property def versions(self) -> list[tuple[str, tuple[Any, Any]]]: """Get all versions of this object from django-reversion. Includes diffs to previous version. """ versions = reversion.models.Version.objects.get_for_object(self) versions_with_changes = [] for i, version in enumerate(versions): diff = {} if i > 0: prev_version = versions[i - 1] for k, val in version.field_dict.items(): prev_val = prev_version.field_dict.get(k, None) if prev_val != val: diff[k] = (prev_val, val) versions_with_changes.append((version, diff)) return versions_with_changes extended_data = JSONField(default=dict, editable=False) @classmethod def _safe_add(cls, obj: Any, name: Optional[str]) -> None: # Decide the name for the attribute if name is None: prop_name = obj.__name__ else: if name.isidentifier(): prop_name = name else: raise ValueError(f"{name} is not a valid name.") # Verify that attribute name does not clash with other names in the class if hasattr(cls, prop_name): raise ValueError(f"{prop_name} already used.") # Let Django's model magic add the attribute if we got here cls.add_to_class(name, obj)
[docs] @classmethod def property_(cls, func: Callable[[], Any], name: Optional[str] = None) -> None: """Add the passed callable as a property.""" cls._safe_add(property(func), name or func.__name__)
[docs] @classmethod def method(cls, func: Callable[[], Any], name: Optional[str] = None) -> None: """Add the passed callable as a method.""" cls._safe_add(func, name or func.__name__)
[docs] @classmethod def class_method(cls, func: Callable[[], Any], name: Optional[str] = None) -> None: """Add the passed callable as a classmethod.""" cls._safe_add(classmethod(func), name or func.__name__)
[docs] @classmethod def field(cls, **kwargs) -> None: """Add the passed jsonstore field. Must be one of the fields in django-jsonstore. Accepts exactly one keyword argument, with the name being the desired model field name and the value the field instance. """ # Force kwargs to be exactly one argument if len(kwargs) != 1: raise TypeError(f"field() takes 1 keyword argument but {len(kwargs)} were given") name, field = kwargs.popitem() # Force the field to be one of the jsonstore fields if JSONFieldMixin not in field.__class__.__mro__: raise TypeError("Only jsonstore fields can be added to models.") # Force use of the one JSONField defined in this mixin field.json_field_name = "extended_data" cls._safe_add(field, name)
[docs] @classmethod def foreign_key( cls, field_name: str, to: models.Model, to_field: str = "pk", to_field_type: JSONFieldMixin = IntegerField, related_name: Optional[str] = None, ) -> None: """Add a virtual ForeignKey. This works by storing the primary key (or any field passed in the to_field argument) and adding a property that queries the desired model. If the foreign model also is an ExtensibleModel, a reverse mapping is also added under the related_name passed as argument, or this model's default related name. """ id_field_name = f"{field_name}_id" if related_name is None: related_name = cls.Meta.default_related_name # Add field to hold key to foreign model id_field = to_field_type(blank=True, null=True) cls.field(**{id_field_name: id_field}) @property def _virtual_fk(self) -> Optional[models.Model]: id_field_val = getattr(self, id_field_name) if id_field_val: try: return to.objects.get(**{to_field: id_field_val}) except to.DoesNotExist: # We found a stale foreign key setattr(self, id_field_name, None) self.save() return None else: return None @_virtual_fk.setter def _virtual_fk(self, value: Optional[models.Model] = None) -> None: if value is None: id_field_val = None else: id_field_val = getattr(value, to_field) setattr(self, id_field_name, id_field_val) # Add property to wrap get/set on foreign model instance cls._safe_add(_virtual_fk, field_name) # Add related property on foreign model instance if it provides such an interface if hasattr(to, "_safe_add"): def _virtual_related(self) -> models.QuerySet: id_field_val = getattr(self, to_field) return cls.objects.filter(**{id_field_name: id_field_val}) to.property_(_virtual_related, related_name)
[docs] @classmethod def syncable_fields( cls, recursive: bool = True, exclude_remotes: list = [] ) -> list[models.Field]: """Collect all fields that can be synced on a model. If recursive is True, it recurses into related models and generates virtual proxy fields to access fields in related models.""" fields = [] for field in cls._meta.get_fields(): if field.is_relation and field.one_to_one and recursive: if ExtensibleModel not in field.related_model.__mro__: # Related model is not extensible and thus has no syncable fields continue if field.related_model in exclude_remotes: # Remote is excluded, probably to avoid recursion continue # Recurse into related model to get its fields as well for subfield in field.related_model.syncable_fields( recursive, exclude_remotes + [cls] ): # generate virtual field names for proxy access name = f"_{field.name}__{subfield.name}" verbose_name = f"{field.name} ({field.related_model._meta.verbose_name}) → {subfield.verbose_name}" if not hasattr(cls, name): # Add proxy properties to handle access to related model setattr(cls, name, _generate_one_to_one_proxy_property(field, subfield)) # Generate a fake field class with enough API to detect attribute names fields.append( type( "FakeRelatedProxyField", (), { "name": name, "verbose_name": verbose_name, "to_python": lambda v: subfield.to_python(v), }, ) ) elif field.editable and not field.auto_created: fields.append(field) return fields
[docs] @classmethod def syncable_fields_choices(cls) -> tuple[tuple[str, str]]: """Collect all fields that can be synced on a model.""" return tuple( [(field.name, field.verbose_name or field.name) for field in cls.syncable_fields()] )
[docs] @classmethod def syncable_fields_choices_lazy(cls) -> Callable[[], tuple[tuple[str, str]]]: """Collect all fields that can be synced on a model.""" return lazy(cls.syncable_fields_choices, tuple)
[docs] @classmethod def add_permission(cls, name: str, verbose_name: str): """Dynamically add a new permission to a model.""" cls.extra_permissions.append((name, verbose_name))
[docs] def set_object_permission_checker(self, checker: ObjectPermissionChecker): """Annotate a ``ObjectPermissionChecker`` for use with permission system.""" self._permission_checker = checker
[docs] def save(self, *args, **kwargs): """Ensure all functionality of our extensions that needs saving gets it.""" # For auto-created remote syncable fields if hasattr(self, "_save_reverse"): for related in self._save_reverse: related.save() del self._save_reverse super().save(*args, **kwargs)
class Meta: abstract = True
[docs]class PureDjangoModel(object): """No-op mixin to mark a model as deliberately not using ExtensibleModel.""" pass
[docs]class GlobalPermissionModel(models.Model): """Base model for global permissions. This base model ensures that global permissions are not managed.""" class Meta: default_permissions = () abstract = True managed = False
class _ExtensibleFormMetaclass(ModelFormMetaclass): def __new__(cls, name, bases, dct): x = super().__new__(cls, name, bases, dct) # Enforce a default for the base layout for forms that o not specify one if hasattr(x, "layout"): base_layout = x.layout.elements else: base_layout = [] x.base_layout = base_layout x.layout = Layout(*base_layout) return x
[docs]class ExtensibleForm(ModelForm, metaclass=_ExtensibleFormMetaclass): """Base model for extensible forms. This mixin adds functionality which allows - apps to add layout nodes to the layout used by django-material :Add layout nodes: .. code-block:: python from material import Fieldset from aleksis.core.forms import ExampleForm node = Fieldset("field_name") ExampleForm.add_node_to_layout(node) """
[docs] @classmethod def add_node_to_layout(cls, node: Union[LayoutNode, str]): """Add a node to `layout` attribute. :param node: django-material layout node (Fieldset, Row etc.) :type node: LayoutNode """ cls.base_layout.append(node) cls.layout = Layout(*cls.base_layout)
[docs]class BaseModelAdmin(GuardedModelAdmin, ObjectPermissionsModelAdmin): """A base class for ModelAdmin combining django-guardian and rules.""" pass
[docs]class SuccessMessageMixin(ModelFormMixin): success_message: Optional[str] = None
[docs] def form_valid(self, form: BaseForm) -> HttpResponse: if self.success_message: messages.success(self.request, self.success_message) return super().form_valid(form)
class SuccessNextMixin(SuccessURLAllowedHostsMixin): redirect_field_name = "next" def get_success_url(self) -> str: return LoginView.get_redirect_url(self) or super().get_success_url()
[docs]class AdvancedCreateView(SuccessMessageMixin, CreateView): pass
[docs]class AdvancedEditView(SuccessMessageMixin, UpdateView): pass
[docs]class AdvancedDeleteView(DeleteView): """Common confirm view for deleting. .. warning :: Using this view, objects are deleted permanently after confirming. We recommend to include the mixin :class:`reversion.views.RevisionMixin` from `django-reversion` to enable soft-delete. """ success_message: Optional[str] = None
[docs] def delete(self, request, *args, **kwargs): r = super().delete(request, *args, **kwargs) if self.success_message: messages.success(self.request, self.success_message) return r
[docs]class SchoolTermRelatedExtensibleModel(ExtensibleModel): """Add relation to school term.""" objects = CurrentSiteManagerWithoutMigrations.from_queryset(SchoolTermRelatedQuerySet)() school_term = models.ForeignKey( "core.SchoolTerm", on_delete=models.CASCADE, related_name="+", verbose_name=_("Linked school term"), blank=True, null=True, ) class Meta: abstract = True
[docs]class SchoolTermRelatedExtensibleForm(ExtensibleForm): """Extensible form for school term related data. .. warning:: This doesn't automatically include the field `school_term` in `fields` or `layout`, it just sets an initial value. """
[docs] def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs): from aleksis.core.models import SchoolTerm # noqa if "instance" not in kwargs: kwargs["initial"] = {"school_term": SchoolTerm.current} super().__init__(*args, **kwargs)